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Physical Surroundings

Massachusetts in the 1700’s had generally a thin, stony soil, fairly little level land, and long winters, making it difficult to make a living from farming. Massachusetts’ physical features vary greatly, including rocky shores, sandy beaches and salt marshes on the coast, hills, fertile valleys, and more than 1,100 lakes and ponds. Between the 1400’s and the 1700’s there was a period in time where the climate in Massachusetts and North America itself was extreme. The winter was exceptionally cold, making it one of the hardest seasons for the puritans, and the summer was extremely hot.